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Rome


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Rome is the capitol of the Italian Republic with about 2.8 millions residents within the city limits and it is the capitol of the cultural travel in the world.Legend credits the founding of Rome to the twin brothers Romulus and Remus who were supposedly left there and then raised by a she-wolf around 753 BC. The Roman Empire became the cradle of Western civilization, conquering most of Europe and the Mediterranean coasts, assimilating its neighbors, and establishing commercial and military dominance throughout. Then it became the seat of the papal authority and in the 1871 the capitol of the Kingdom of Italy.

Rome is an amazing city to visit, and there is so much to see :so you can choose to visit the different atmosphere of the "eternal city":

Rome of the popes start with Vatican City, the world's smallest country, is located in the heart of Rome, and it is all that remains of the once vast Papal domain. You can start from St. Peter's Square, one of the largest in the world, was designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini under Pope Alexander VII from 1656-1667 to allow the greatest number of faithful to receive the blessing from the Pope as he stood at his window. It can easily hold more than 300,000 people at a time. It is outlined by a colonnade of 284 Doric columns with 140 statues of saints. St. Peter's Basilica is the largest church in Christianity, covers about 5.7 acres and can hold about 60,000 people. It is not the original St. Peter's in Rome, built in the time of Constantine and felt to pieces during the Renaissance. The dome of St. Peter's is one of the largest in the world and was designed by Giacomo della Porta in 1590. If you are willing to climb the 320 steps to the top, there is an excellent view of Rome from above. In the church is also Michelangelo's famous sculpture, the Pietà, which he completed when he was only 25. Outside of the basilica are the wonderful Vatican Gardens, Rome's best park. The Vatican museums hold one the largest and most amazing collections in the world.  Tours lead visitors through the various art collections and include the Vatican Library and almost 7km of other collections that include Egyptian, Roman and Etruscan artifacts, illuminated manuscripts, maps, carriages, paintings, sculptures and innumerable treasures and above all the Sistina Chapel with her breathtaking interpretation of the Old Testament by Michelangelo. Also of interest is the Museum of Ethnology, full of art from around the world that was brought back to the Vatican by missionaries that worked abroad over the centuries. The Pinacoteca is considered the best painting gallery in Rome with pieces by Giotto, Raphael, Filippo Lippi, Fra Angelico, and Leonardo Da Vinci among the many other works from the Middle Ages to the present. The Castle Sant'Angelo built by the Emperor Hadrian in 135 AD to serve as his own mausoleum, it was Pope Gregory who claimed the large marble cylindrical tower in 590 to serve as the papal fortress. It was also used as a prison for the unfortunate enemies of the church. Within visitors can tour the castle, including the recently restored papal apartments, climb to the top for a great view and imagine the atmosphere of Tosca, one of the most important opera by Giacomo Puccini. Out of the City of Vatican there are a lot of monuments of the Wolrd Heritage List by Unesco as St. John's in Lateran the Cathedral of Rome established by Constantine on the premises of the Lateran Family's palace. Little of the original church remains after the many invasions, earthquakes and fires, and what is left is a collage of repairs made over the last 16 centuries and many details seem to have come from other buildings in Rome.The baptistery is of special interest, as it may well be the first one ever built. Also Santa Maria Maggiore church with her bell tower, which is considered one of the most beautiful in Rome.

 

Ancient Rome for a travel in the history: the Roman Forum was the center of ancient Roman life, where temples, baths, basilicas and the various civic buildings stood, along with the communal hearth where Romans brought their bread to be baked and the central market where they bought their food. Much of what once stood in the forum has been destroyed and carted off in the last 2000 years, to be reused in other buildings around the city.  One can tour the Forum and still see the remains of the Temple of Vespasian, and the Arch of Septimius Severus (AD 203) and many other remains of what was once the heart of Roman civilization.The Roman Colosseum or Colosseo, actually called then Flavian Amphitheatre , was begun in 70 AD by the Emperor Vespasian, and went on to be used for over 500 years. The arena could hold from 45,000 to 50,000 spectators who would come to see the various contests and public spectacles held about 100 times a year, including those with the famous gladiators. Colosseum is considered one of the most important Roman architectural achievements whose basic design has been copied for other stadiums repeatedly. Although parts of the structure were taken away to help build other monuments in the city, including part of St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican. Just outside, note the Arch of Constantine, a tribute to the Emperor made up of pieces from other older arches and buildings from around the city. One of the most famous buildings in the world, the Pantheon built around AD 125 under the Emperor Hadrian to act as a temple to the seven gods of the seven planets. An architectural marvel, Brunelleschi said to have studied its dome before designing the dome of Florence's Cathedral. Thanks to its conversion to a Christian church in the 7th century, it has been used continuously and well maintained, making it the best preserved ancient building in Rome. Though, like so many ancient buildings in Rome, parts of the original structure were removed and reused around town, some of the original details still remain, such as the marble interior and the bronze doors.  Within are the tombs of such notables as artist Raphael and Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I and his wife Queen Margherita.

To fell a real Roman: you have to visit Trastevere, a zone on the west bank of the Tiber. During the evening there are a lot of resturants with typical kitchen (as for example pasta amatriciana or carbonara and artichokes "alla giudia") in his narrow and irregular streets with an original atmosphere of romanity!

Do not miss: Bocca della Verità or "the Mouth of Truth" is an image of a man-like face in the church of Santa Maria in Comsedin with the supposed relic of St. Valentine. Romans believe that it is a lie detector and represents the ancient god of the river Tiber.

 

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