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Amsterdam is the Dutch capital situated in the west of the Netherlands. It was settled as a dam in the Amstal river, as its name remembers, and it grown up as one of the most important trade force during Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century when it become a colonial power. The heart of the city is on the ancient canals ring area built from 1613, from west to east zone with concentric half-circles canals called "Grachten" in Dutch. A good way to visit Amsterdam is a tour boat over the canals, following routes that lead them along some of the most interesting sights of the city.

Along canals there are a lot of beautiful buildings built during the Dutch Renaissance as the beautiful Paleis op de Dam, that makes Amsterdam as the "Venice of the north".

There are a lot of museums on the Museumplein a Museum Square with the Rijksmuseum with the large collection of classical Dutch art, the Van Gogh Museum dedicated to the painter of the 19th century, the Stedelijk Museum with modern and contemporary art, House of Bols Cocktail & Genever Experience to know the jeneve, the traditional liquor made of  juniper, and all kinds of gin and the Coster Diamonds to know the process of cutting and polishing diamonds and its museum.

Out of this area there are also the Amsterdam Museum to know the long history of the city with free entry, the NEMO Museum the Netherlands' largest science center, projected by Italian architecture Renzo Piano and the Rembrandt House Museum where the famous painter of the 17th century lived for a period.

A trip in the trip: in the Jordaan, the ancient Jewish quarter with the famous Westertoren tower and, above all, the Anne Frank Museum. She was a young Jewish girl that wrote her world famous diary during hiding in occupied Amsterdam with her family and friends and it is one of the most famous history of Holocaust. From seventies the quarter become the house for artists and there is also the first monument in the world dedicated to persecuted homosexuals, the Homomonument made of pink granite.

To feel like a real inhabitant of Amsterdam: you should eat a  kroket, the traditional snack with fried meet and you should take a walk to the Bloemenmarkt, the characteristic floating flower market and to the Waterlooplein flea market in the Jewish quarter. For shopping the 9 Straatjes is a good choice: that is the name of an animated district with a charming atmosphere. There are little nine cosy and picturesque streets between Raadhuisstraat and Leidsestraat with small monumental shops.

Do not miss: Amsterdam is the city of bikes. It is the best way to move in the city and there is the possibility to rent one cheaply. There are a lot of cycle lanes and it is strictly forbidden walking on them. And after you could rest in Vondelpark, the biggest park of the city with music and dance shows during the summer.

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